Uzbek language

Learn the Uzbek language by using our phrase book
Speaking Uzbek

Uzbek - the official language of Uzbekistan

Uzbek is the native language of the Uzbeks, spoken in Uzbekistan and other Central Asian states. Outside the former Soviet Union, Uzbek is spoken in Eastern Turkey and Northern Afghanistan.

Uzbek belongs to the South Eastern (Central Asian) group of Turkic languages. The dialects of the modern spoken language have been influenced by some diverse dialect groups such as Karluk, Kipchak and Oguz.Uzbek dialects are conventionally divided according to phonetic features into two groups: the "O" group, which includes the dialects of such cities as Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, and the surrounding regions; and the "A" group, which is divided into two subgroups according to the use of the initial consonants. This classification was developed by the Russian scientist A.K. Borovkov.

The modern Uzbek literary language is based on the Tashkent-Fergana "0" dialect group. An old Uzbek literary language had emerged by the 13th century (by the 15th or 16th cc. according to some scholars); opinion is divided on its definition and designation. Uzbek phonology is marked by the absence of long vowels in word initial position. Secondary length results from the loss of consonant assimilated into vowels. Certain vowels may be lengthened for emphasis. The main dialects lack synharmonic novel alternation and division of affixes into front and back Uzbek grammatical structure, which in common with all Turkic languages is agglutinative.

Uzbek was written in Arabic script until 1927 and in the Latin Alphabet from 1927 to 1940, when the Cyrillic alphabet was introduced. Since the mid-90's, Latin has again been adopted as the official alphabet.

Speaking Uzbek - Uzbekcha gapiramiz:   short English-Uzbek phrasebook

Meeting, greeting
  Uchrashuv, salomlashuv
Hello!
  Assalomu alaykum!
Good afternoon!
  Salom!
Hi!
  Qalaysiz!
Welcome!
  Xush kelibsiz!
Sir
  Janob
Madam
  Xonim
Sit down, please
  Marhamat, o'tiring
Who are you?
  Kimsiz?
What is your name?
  Ismingiz nima?
Let me introduce myself. I'm...
  Ruxsat eting, o'zimni tanishtiray. Men...
May I introduce myself! I am...
  Sizga o'zimni tanishtirsam. Mening ismim...
I am glad to meet you!
  Tanishganimdan hursandman!
How do you do?
  Ishlaringiz qalay?
How do you feel?
  Qalaisiz? Tuzukmisiz?
Is everything all right (OK)?
  Hammasi joyidami?
Thank you, fine
  Rahmat, yaxshi
Very well, thank you
  Juda yaxshi, rahmat
Fine, thanks
  Rahmat, yaxshi
I am OK, thanks
  Yaxshiman, rahmat
So so
  Sekin-sekin
Where do you come from?
  Qayerdan siz?
I come from...
  Men... dan keldim
I am from United States
  Men Amerikadanman
 
   
Parting
  Xayrlashuv
Good bye!
  Xayr!
Good luck!
  Ishlarizga omad!
Happy journey!
  Oq yo'l!
See you soon
  Tez orada ko'rishguncha
Please come again
  Yana keling
 
   
Expressing gratitude
  Minnatdorchilik
Thank you!
  Rahmat!
Please!
  Iltimos!
Thank you very much!
  Ko'p rahmat! or Katta rahmat!
Thank you, you are so kind!
  Iltifotingiz uchun tashakkur!
You are welcome
  Arzimaydi
 
   
Agreement, disagreement
  Rozilik, norozilik
Well, O.K
  Mayli, yaxshi
Yes, of course
  Ha, albatta!
Certainly
  Albatta
Right
  To'g'ri
Come in
  Kiring!
Just a moment
  To'khtab turing
I will think about it
  O'ylab ko'raman
I don't think so
  Men bunday (bunaqa) deb o'ylamayman
You are mistaken
  Siz yanglishasiz
Of course, not
  Yo'q, albatta
No way
  Iloji yo'q
Never!
  Hech qachon!
I don't know
  Bilmadim
I cannot promise
  So'z berolmayman
I can't say
  Aytolmayman
Sorry, I'm busy
  Kechirasiz, bandman
I've got things to do
  Ishim ko'p
I can't go
  Men bora olmayman
 
   
Apologies and words used after apologies
  Kechirim so'rash va undan keyin javob beriladigan so'zlar
Sorry
  Kechirasiz
I am sorry
  Uzr or Kechirasiz
I'm very sorry
  Ming afsus
It is my fault
  Men aybdorman
That's all right
  Hechqisi yo'q
Never mind
  Ahamiyat bermang
You do not need to be sorry
  Uzr so'rashning hojati yo'q
No harm done
  Zarari yo'q
Language and conversation
  Til va suhbat
Do you speak English?
  Siz Inglizcha gaplashasizmi?
I (don't) speak.
  Men... gapiraman (gapirmayman)
I speak.a little
  Men ozgina... gapiraman
Do you understand me?
  Siz meni tushunayapsizmi? (tushundingizmi)
I (don't) understand you
  Men sizni tushunayapman(tushundim), (tushunmayapman, tushunmadim)
Speak slower please
  Sekinroq gapiring
I understand Uzbek but I cannot speak
  Men Ozbek tilini tushunaman ammo gapirmayman
What's the Uzbek for?
  Bu O'zbekchada nima deyiladi?
 
   
Interrogative words
  Savollar beradigan suzlar
Who?
  Kim?
What?
  Nima?
Where?
  Qayerda?
When?
  Qachon?
Why?
  Nega? or Nimaga?
How much?
  Qancha? or Nechta?
 
   
In a city
  Shaharda
Where is...?
  ... qayerda joilashgan?
How can I find...?
  ... qanday topsam boladi?
How can I get (something)?
  Qanday olsam bo'ladi?
How can I reach (somewhere)?
  ... qanday borsam boladi?
Am I right for...?
  Men to'gri ketayapmanmi?
What direction should I go?
  Qaysi tarafga borishim kerak?
This way?
  Bu tarafgami?
On the right
  O'ngga
On the left
  Chapga
I'm looking for the... (street, house)
  Men... (kochani, uyni) qidirayapman
 
   
In a Hotel
  Mekhmonkhonada
Take me to the... (hotel, airport, restaurant)
  Meni... (mekhmonkhonaga, aeroportga, restoranga) olib borib qo'ying
Where is the hotel situated?
  Mekhmonkhona qayerda joylashgan?
Drugstore
  Dorikhona
Shop
  Magazin (do'kon)
What hotel shall we stay at?
  Qaysi mekhmonkhonada to'khtaymiz?
I (We) need a Single (Double) room
  Menga (Bizga) bir kishilik (ikki kishilik) khona kerak
Give me please the key to my room
  Xonamning kalitini bering iltimos
Is there an air-conditioner (TV, phone, fridge) in the room?
  Xonada konditsioner (televizor, telefon, kholodilnik) bormi?
What floor is my room on?
  Xonam nechinchi qavatda joilashgan?
May I have a look at the room?
  Xonamni ko'rsam boladimi?
The room (doesn't) suit me
  Xona menga ma'qul kel(ma)yapti
It's too hot (cold) in my room
  Mening xonam issiq (sovuq)
 
   
Admiration, approval
  Tahsin, ma'qullash
Uncommonly!
  Qoyil! or Ajoyib!
Very good/well!
  Juda soz!
 
   
In a shop
  Magazinda
Where can I buy?
  Qayerda sotib olsam boladi?
I want to buy...
  ... sotib olmoqchiman
How much does...cost?
  ... necha pul? or qancha turadi?
How much should I pay?
  Necha pul tolashim kerak?
Show me...
  Ko'rsating menga...
Have you...?
  Sizda... bormi?
Where shall I pay?
  Qayerga to'lashim kerak?
Where is the exit?
  Chiqish qayerda?
 
   
Days of week
  Hafta kunlari
Sunday
  Yakshanba
Monday
  Dushanba
Tuesday
  Seshanba
Wednesday
  Chorshanba
Thursday
  Payshanba
Friday
  Juma
Saturday
  Shanba
 
   
Numbers
  Raqamlar
1
  Bir
2
  Ikki
3
  Uch
4
  To'rt
5
  Besh
6
  Olti
7
  Yetti
8
  Sakkiz
9
  To'qqiz
10
  O'n
20
  Yigirma
30
  O'ttiz
40
  Qirq
50
  Ellik
60
  Oltmish
70
  Yetmish
80
  Sakson
90
  To'qson
100
  Yuz
1 000
  Ming
1 000 000
  Million
1 000 000 000
  Milliard

Uzbek language's transcription >>>