Turkmenistan was once host to some of the greatest destinations along the Great Silk Road, which twisted and wound its way through the arid landscape. Merv, counted among the world’s largest cities at the time, served as a key trading center for passing caravans, while Konjikala, at the site of present-day Ashgabat, was valued for its ideal location at the crossroads of the world’s cultures.
On the Silk Road in Turkmenistan Tour you’ll retrace the steps of countless merchants and explorers who passed through Turkmenistan’s barren lands in days of old. Explore Ashgabat to experience firsthand how the city has developed through the centuries; wander among the ruins of Nisa, capital of the mighty Parthian Empire; and allow the somber stillness of Merv’s expansive ruins to transport your imagination to its days of Silk Road splendor.
Overnight in Ashgabat hotel.
- Old Nisa, a spectacular archaeological site just 15 km from the city. Nisa was the capital of the Parthian Empire, founded in the 3rd century BC and remaining in power for nearly 500 years. Today it’s listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Turkmenbashi Ruhy Mosque, the largest mosque in Central Asia. Also referred to as the Spiritual Mosque and the Gypjak Mosque, it includes a mausoleum with the tombs of former president Turkmenbashy and his immediate family members.
- Arch of Neutrality, a 95-meter-high tower topped with a gold statue of former president Saparmurat Niyazov (Turkmenbashy) that rotates to face the sun. Ride to the top in a funicular to tour a small museum and enjoy a panoramic view of the city.
- Independence Park, including the yurt-shaped Independence Monument housing the Museum of National Values. The museum is surrounded by lavish fountains, 27 statues of Turkmenistan’s key historical figures and a golden sculpture of Niyazov himself.
- Statue of Lenin, unique in that it stands on a large base ornately decorated in traditional Turkmen ornamentation.
- National Museum of History, displaying over half a million items from every region of the country, including rare and priceless artifacts from ancient times through the Middle Ages.
- Gulistan Bazaar (also known as the Russian Bazaar), one of the oldest markets in the city, a clean yet lively place to buy snacks and mingle with local shoppers.
Overnight in Ashgabat hotel.
Tour duration: 5-6 hours
Upon arrival your guide and driver will meet you for your drive to Merv (40 km, 40 min), an ancient trade center on the Great Silk Road and UNESCO World Heritage Site. Your guided sightseeing tour of Merv will include:
- Sultan Sanjar Mausoleum (12th century) – considered by many to be the most majestic architectural monument of Merv, this mausoleum amazes with its thick walls, symmetrical proportions and domed top that displays amazing architectural craftsmanship for its day.
- Greater Kyz Kala and Lesser Kyz Kala (8th-9th centuries) - These unique fortified homes are built of mud brick, with no known archeological equivalents.
- Askhab Mausoleums (9th-12th centuries) - Built for two of the prophet Muhammad’s earliest disciples, the Askhab Mausoleums are one of Turkmenistan’s most important pilgrimage sites today.
- Erk Kala (6th century BC), the seat of ancient Merv and its oldest settlement, whose remaining walls are nearly 30 meters high. Climb the walls for a great view of the surrounding area.
- Gyaur Kala (3rd century BC) - Merv’s second oldest settlement, famous for its thick, 2-km long walls.
- Beni Makhan Mosque and cistern (7th- 9th centuries) - Also called the Juma Mosque, it’s located in the center of ancient Gyaur Kala, along with an intact cistern that still functions today.
- Muhammad Ibn Zeid Mausoleum (12th century) - A popular Sufi shrine and one of the city’s finest structures due to its simple architecture and Arabic inscriptions chiseled into its walls.
Transfer to the hotel. Overnight in Mary hotel.
Tour duration: approximately 5 hours
- Accommodation based on double/twin room in a hotel, with breakfast (3 nights);
- Transportation on Days 2 and 3, pick-up from airport and drop-off at border crossing (1-2 people in sedan, 3-8 in minivan);
- Private, local English-speaking guide and entrance fees to the sights as per itinerary on days 2 and 3;
- Economy class flight tickets from Ashgabat to Mary (flight times subject to change based upon availability);
- Visa support letter for Turkmenistan tourist visa;
- 1L bottle of water per person per day.
Price doesn’t include:
- Tour leader to accompany the travelers for the whole duration of the tour;
- Full board (lunches and dinners);
- Hotel charges for additional services;
- Travel insurance;
- All services not mentioned above as included in the Turkmenistan tour price.