Nature Reserves of Turkmenistan
The existing measures on biodiversity protection
There are 8 strict reserves and 13 game reserves with the total area of 1975 thousand ha, i.e. over 4% of the territory of the country. These are:
|Amudarya State Reserve
Amudarya State Reserve: founded in 1982 within Farab, Galkynysh and Darganata Etraps of Lebap Velayat. The main goal of the reserve is the protection of tugais of the Amudarya river valley and of rare and endangered species living in and near the river...
|Badghyz State Reserve
Badghyz State Reserve: situated in the interfluves of the Kushka and Tejen Rivers (Mary Velayat). It was founded in 1941 to protect the whole natural complex of Badghyz Hills and, first of all, such species as kulan (Equus hemionus). The area of the reserve is 87,700 hectares.
|Kaplankyr State Reserve
Kaplankyr State Reserve: founded at the junction of borders of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in 1979 (Dashoguz Velayat) for the protection and restoration of the Houbara bustard (Chlamydotis undulata), waterfowl and waders...
|Kopetdag State Reserve
Kopetdag State Reserve: founded in 1976 in the central part of the Kopetdag Ridge (Akhal Velayat). The main objectives of the reserve include studying and protection of juniper, wild fruit trees, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Its area is 49,700 hectares.
|Koyten Dag Nature Reserve
Koyten Dag Mountains. Koyten Dag Nature Reserve was created to protect the largest remaining Ibex populations in Central Asia. These long-horned mountain goats and a significant number of Urials (Ovis ammon vignei), an endangered mountain sheep species, inhabit the steep canyons...
|Repetek Nature Reserve
Repetek Nature Reserve is only a one hour journey (70km) from Turkmenabad. This sandy desert reservation, formed in 1912, is located to the southwest of Turkmenabad, and is remarkable for its exhaustive information on the ancient nature of the Karakum desert and its climatic conditions...
|Syunt-Khasardag State Reserve
Syunt-Khasardag State Reserve: founded in 1977 in the Southwest Kopetdag Mountains (Balkan Velayat) to protect and study wild congeners of cultivated plants, reptiles (cobra and blunt-nosed viper), birds (francolin, Tetraogallus caspius) and mammals (leopard, hyena, urial). Its area is 30,300 hectares.
|Khazar State Reserve
Khazar State Reserve: situated on the southeast coast of the Caspian Sea (Balkan Velayat), founded in 1932 as an ornithological reserve. Its area is 269,000 hectares...