About Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan information. Uzbekistan history. Uzbekistan today. Map of Uzbekistan. Emblem and Flag of Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan today is a new independent state in Central Asia. After the collapse of the USSR Uzbekistan chose peace-loving democratic policy and launched reforms to develop a market economy and enter international economic society as a full member.

Uzbekistan at a glance

Formal name: The Republic of Uzbekistan
Geographic coordinates: 41 00 N, 64 00 E
Area: total 447.400 km2: land: 425.400 km2, water: 22,000 km2
Land boundaries: total: 6.221 km, border countries: Afghanistan 137 km, Kazakhstan 2.203 km, Kyrgyzstan 1.099 km, Tajikistan 1.161 km, Turkmenistan 1.621 km
Population: 29 million (January, 2011)
Density of population: 50.1 per km2
Capital: Tashkent
Language Official language - Uzbek, widely used: Russian, Tajik, Kara kalpak, also English, which is getting popular among youth generation.
National currency: Sum. 1 sum=100 tiyin.
Structure: Sovereign Republic of Karakalpakistan, 12 provinces, 226 cities and districts.
Religion: Islam - 88%, Christian - 9% (more about Religions in Uzbekistan >>>)
Time: GMT + 05:00
Electric power: 220 V AC, 50 amp; Standard two-pin plug socket
Domain zone:.uz
International dialing code: +998

Flag of Uzbekistan

Flag of Uzbekistan The national flag was approved by the Extraordinary 8th Session of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan on November 18, 1991.

The flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan consists of blue, white and green stripes, separated by two narrow red stripes. A crescent and three rows of twelve stars are situated on the left side of the upper blue stripe.

The blue color symbolizes the sky and water as the principle sources of life. The National flag of Amir Timur was also blue in color. The white stripe is the traditional symbol of peace and of moral and spiritual purity. The green stripe symbolizes nature, the new epoch and abundance in the countries where the majority of the population is Islamic. Besides that, this is in harmony with the modern movement of Greenpeace, which protects nature. The red separating stripes symbolize the current of vital energy in any living body and also connect our pure and noble thoughts with the sky and the earth. The crescent of the new moon, along with its traditional historical symbolism, is at the same time a symbol of the birth of republic's independence. The symbolism of twelve stars is connected historically with the solar calendar year, which begins from Navruz and embodies the twelve principles laying in the foundation of state management.

Emblem of Uzbekistan

Emblem of Uzbekistan The state emblem of the Republic of Uzbekistan was approved by the 10th Session of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan on July 2, 1992. The state emblem of the Republic of Uzbekistan actually absorbed the centuries-old experiences of the Uzbek people. It reflects a blossoming valley and a shining sun. The right side of the valley is set off with wheat and to the left with a cotton plant garland. The octagonal star, symbolizing the unity of the Republic, crowns the state emblem. The holy Muslim symbols of the crescent and the star are placed inside the star. In the center of the emblem there is the holy bird, Khumo, with its spread wings symbolizing magnanimity, nobility and service. These symbols reflect the long way of the Uzbek people towards peace, stability, happiness, wealth and prosperity. A little frame with the inscription "Uzbekistan" is placed in the lower part of the state emblem.

The National Anthem

The state anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan was approved by the 11th Session of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan at the 12th convocation on December 10, 1992.

The lyrics are by Abdulla Aripov and the music by Mutal Bourkhanov.

Original text Translation
Serquyosh hur o'lkam, elga baxt, najot,
Sen o'zing do'stlarga yo'ldosh, mehribon!
Yashnagay to abad ilmu fan, ijod,
Shuhrating porlasin toki bor jaxon!

Nakorat:
Oltin bu vodiylar - jon O'zbekiston,
Ajdodlar mardona ruhi senga yor!
Ulug' xalq qudrati jo'sh urgan zamon,
Olamni mahliyo aylagan diyor!

Bag'ri keng o'zbekning o'chmas iymoni,
Erkin, yosh avlodlar senga zo'r qanot!
Istiqlol mash'ali, tinchlik posboni,
Haqsevar, ona yurt, mangu bo'l obod!

Nakorat:
Oltin bu vodiylar - jon O'zbekiston,
Ajdodlar mardona ruhi senga yor!
Ulug' xalq qudrati jo'sh urgan zamon,
Olamni mahliyo aylagan diyor!
My country, sunny and free, salvation to your people,
You are a warmhearted companion to the friends
Flourish eternally with knowledge and inventions,
May your fame shine as long as the world exist!

Refrain:
These golden valleys-dear Uzbekistan,
Manly spirit of ancestors in companion to you!
When the great power of people became exuberant
You are the country that amazes the world!

Belief of generous Uzbek does not die out,
Free, young children are a strong wing for you!
The torch of independence, guardian of peace,
Just motherland be eternally prosperous!

Refrain:
These golden valleys-dear Uzbekistan,
Manly spirit of ancestors in companion to you!
When the great power of people became exuberant
You are the country that amazes the world!

General Information

  • Uzbekistan weather
  • Location
  • Terrain
  • Climate
  • Currency Uzbekistan
  • Public holidays
  • Cuisine
  • Elevation extremes
  • Land use
  • Clothing
  • Luggage
  • Health
  • Security
  • Photography
  • Drinks
  • Shopping in Uzbekistan
  • Incidentals
  • Tipping
  • Natural resources in Uzbekistan
  • Agriculture in Uzbekistan
  • Industry in Uzbekistan
  • The largest enterprises of Uzbekistan
  • Major foreign investors in Uzbekistan
  • Sports in Uzbekistan
  • Communication in Uzbekistan
  • Tourism in Uzbekistan
  • Transport in Uzbekistan

    Location of Uzbekistan
    The Republic of Uzbekistan is situated in the central part of Central Asia between two rivers: the Amudarya and Syrdarya. The Turan Lowland lies to the northwest, and the Tien-Shan and Pamir-Alay mountain ridges are located in the southeast of the territory. The Kyzyl-Kum Desert defines the Northern part of the country. Uzbekistan borders Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Afghanistan.

    Terrain
    Mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes; broad, flat, intensely irrigated river valleys along the course of the Amu Darya, Sirdaryo (Syr Darya), and Zarafshon rivers; the Fergana Valley in the east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; the shrinking Aral Sea in the west.

    Elevation extremes
    Lowest point: Sariqarnish Lake - 12 m.
    Highest point: Adelunga Mountain - 4.301 m.

    Climate
    The climate of Uzbekistan is extremely continental with a great number of sunny days. The average monthly temperature in January ranges from -100C to +30C. Summer is hot and dry. The average monthly temperature in July varies from +350C to +450C. Autumn is relatively warm and is the season when delicious fruits and vegetables are in abundance in the numerous bazaars (markets). The average annual temperature is 130C.
    Nature of Uzbekistan    >>>

    Tourist seasons
    Because of the peculiarity of climate, first half of tourist season falls on spring months: March, April, May, and the second half is in August, September and October. Also there is tourist activity in winter months for the lovers of mountains and winter ports (ski, snowboard).

    Public holidays
    January 1 - New Year
    March 8 - International Women's Day
    March 21 - Navruz (Central Asian New Year)
    May 9 - Memorial/Remembrance Day
    September 1 - Independence Day
    October 1 - Teacher's Day
    December 8 - Constitution Day.

    There are other religious holidays with varying dates:
    Ramadan Khait
    Kurban Khait

    Cuisine
    There are over one thousand dishes in Uzbek cuisine. Fruits and vegetables grown under the tender oriental sun are taste fantastic. There are about 100 varieties of Uzbek plov, prepared in a different way in every region. The caloric content and ecological cleanliness of local ingredients is unique. Uzbek cuisine can not be described, it has to be tasted.
    More information about Uzbek cuisine   >>> Uzbekistan currency

    Uzbekistan Currency
    All payments must be made in "Sum", the national currency of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Currency exchange offices are available in every city of Uzbekistan. All foreign currencies may be converted in main offices of banks. Preferred currencies - US dollars and Euros.
    More about Uzbek money   >>>

    Land use
    Arable land: 9%
    Permanent crops: 1%
    Permanent pastures: 46%
    Forests and woodland: 3%
    Other: 41% (1993 est.).

    Clothing
    Very light and loose clothing (preferably cotton or natural fibers) is recommended for daytime use, with a light jumper and/or casual jacket for the cooler evenings. Because of the large amount of sightseeing on foot in dry, dusty and sometimes rough areas (i.e. dirt, cobblestones, etc.), comfortable, solid walking shoes with strong soles and support are essential. You may be required to remove your shoes upon entry to some religious sites. There are no special clothing requirements for visiting Islamic religious sites, except that you should take care to cover most parts of your body including your arms and legs.
    Above all travelers are encouraged to dress for comfort rather than fashion. Valuable jewelry and any clothing requiring special attention should be left at home.
    Due to the very high danger of sunburn, your clothing should offer as much protection as possible.
    A hat with good shade protection and sunglasses are essential.
    In some areas the average visitor may appear extremely wealthy to local people. A lavish display of jewelry, bulging handbags and wallets, and a neck full of cameras will make you stand out in a crowd. Be discreet and respectful of the local culture and traditions and carry a minimum of valuables.

    Luggage
    A shoulder bag with a strong strap or a small rucksack is the most practical way of carrying cameras and personal belongings during your stay. Your entire luggage should be secured with a padlock. Always make sure that all cases and bags are clearly labeled. The label should carry your name and destination details but not your home address. It is a good idea to label your luggage on the inside. This will enable airport authorities to identify your luggage should it become lost, or the labels removed. Never leave your luggage unattended at airports or train stations.
    Your free airline luggage allowance is 20 kg per person, plus one additional piece of 'carry-on' hand luggage on domestic flights within Central Asia, except to Turkmenistan, where the maximum baggage allowance is 10 kg. Because you will be traveling in some areas where travel conditions are rather basic, travelers are strongly urged to restrict their luggage to one main suitcase or backpack and one carry-on overnight bag.
    As recommended under CURRENCY and SECURITY, an important part of your luggage will also be your money wallet for safely carrying your travel documents.

    Health
    You will be traveling in areas which are largely free of major infectious diseases, so there are no official vaccination requirements for foreign visitors. However, we strongly advise you to consult your physician or Vaccination Centre for current health warnings and recommended vaccinations.
    As it is practically inevitable in areas where water is high in mineral and metallic salts (as is the case with Central Asia) one should be prepared for minor gastric conditions. Consult your physician or pharmacist for recommended remedies.
    Throughout the areas you will be travelling, one of the main health warnings is dehydration. At all times maintain a steady intake of non-alcoholic liquids.
    Sunburn is another major problem. Bring adequate suntan lotion and a wide brimmed hat. If desired, you may also bring a supply of vitamins, throat lozenges, throat gargle to prevent basic infections, cold/flu tablets, aspirins, Band-Aids, antiseptics and antibacterial cream. Please advise us if you have any allergies or particular medical aliments which may require special attention during the trip, and if your doctor has prescribed any medication, make sure that you have sufficient supplies to last the duration of your holiday.
    Important: Please, ensure that you carry in your hand luggage any medicine you may require in case your suitcase is separated from you.

    Insurance
    Since this type of service in Uzbekistan is still developing, it is recommended to carry insurance from company of you home country.
    Insurance companies in Tashkent    >>>

    Security
    Individual safety boxes are not always available in Uzbekistan hotels. An essential part of your luggage is a comfortable money wallet, which may be worn under your clothing. At all times you should carry your main documents (i.e. currency, traveler's checks, air tickets, passports, visas etc.) While it is highly unlikely you will encounter any physical danger, minor thefts in crowded pubic places may occur and every precaution should be taken to avoid losing anything of value.
    In accordance with local laws, you will be required to hand in your passport to the hotel reception on arrival to allow registration of your passport details by the hotel. Your passport will normally be available again after a few hours. Do not forget to collect it before departure.

    Photography in Uzbekistan
    No obstacles are presented to visitors who wish to photograph places of historical interest. Photography inside some religious monuments and in airports, railway stations or near military installations may not be allowed. If in doubt ask your local guide. Please also note that there is a fee for photography in most sightseeing places (not included in your tour price).
    Film and batteries are available in major cities, but we recommend you purchase your supply before arrival, particularly if you have the latest model or a sophisticated type of camera that requires a specific type of film and/or batteries.
    Photos of Uzbekistan   >>>

    Drinks
    Local mineral water contains a higher level of minerals than western spring or bottled water and the taste can be rather "salty" (these mineral waters are considered healthier than European spring or mineral waters).
    Imported spirits and wines are available, however in some places the provenance of some spirits and wines is questionable and the prices inflated. Accordingly, you are advised to purchase your favorite alcohol duty free prior to arrival.

    Shopping
    Travelers in Uzbekistan will be pleasantly surprised by the interesting jewelry, clothing and local handicrafts. Books, postcards and maps are other popular souvenirs. There are restrictions on exporting carpets from the country, ask your Tour Guide for detailed up-to-date information on this matter, before purchasing one.

    Psychology of bargain
    In the East haggling is turned into art. While haggling, you may speak loudly and don't give a sign that you are hesitating in your triumph. No doubt, sellers never lower their price to the level of your offer, however, in most cases, you can lower the price up to 20% if you negotiate.

    Incidentals
    You will be responsible for covering the cost of your hotel incidentals such as phone calls, room service, mini-bar in your room and laundry. Before departing from all hotels on the tour, please ensure that you have checked with the front desk for any personal charges that the hotel may have made to your room.

    Tipping
    Travelers may wish to express their appreciation - a reward for extra service - to the porters, waiters, drivers and guides. The degree of appreciation may vary, and our policy is to leave this to your discretion. This is usually given individually in an envelope at the end of the tour/service.

    Natural resources

  • gas, gold, silver, and coal
  • steel
  • petroleum
  • iron
  • lead
  • zinc
  • uranium
  • wolfram and other rare metals
  • kaolin
  • quartz-glass and quartz sand
  • bauxite
  • phosphor
  • marble and granite
  • cooking salt
  • mineral waters

    Agriculture

  • cotton
  • grain
  • vegetable
  • melon
  • fruit
  • silk production
  • sheep and cattle farming
  • poultry farming
  • astrakhan fur

    Main industries:
    The engineering, chemical and petrochemical, metallurgy, radio and electronic, and light industries are extensively developed.

  • agricultural machines
  • aircraft manufacturing
  • automobile industry
  • building materials
  • communication
  • cotton and silk textiles
  • electric power
  • fuel
  • gas
  • food industry
  • mining
  • roads and airports

    The largest Uzbek enterprises

  • Fergana Oil Refinery
  • Muborek Gas
  • Bukhara Oil Refinery
  • Almalikskiy GMK
  • Bukharatex yarn and fabrics
  • Shurtangas
  • Navoi Nitrogen
  • Tashkent Wine
  • Uzbek Metal

    Major foreign investors
    USA, Germany, Switzerland, France, Japan, South Korea, Russia, Turkey, China, Benelux

    Sports in Uzbekistan
    Many new state provided stadiums, sport complexes, pools, sports clubs, and private fitness clubs cater to the great demand for physical exercise. "Sportsman" is a widely used term here. Uzbekistan has produced Olympic champions in kickboxing, boxing, wrestling, gymnastics, and chess, who have brought home medals from Atlanta, Sydney, and Lillehammer.
    Dilshod Aripov - world champion wrestler
    Mahamadkodir Abdullaev, Sergey Mikhailov, Rustam Saidov, Ruslan Chagaev, Artur Grigoryan Olympic and World champions in boxing
    Iroda Tuliaganova - WTA tennis champion
    Oksana Chusovitina - world champion gymnast

    The President's Cup, an international tennis tournament, draws WTC star players

    Tashkent golf club, the only 18-hole venue in Central Asia, complete with guest rooms, will host international tournaments in the future.

    Communications in Uzbekistan

  • analog and digital phone communication
  • international long distance
  • cellular companies in Uzbekistan   >>>
  • internet
  • international express carrier service
  • worldwide cargo service

    Tourism in Uzbekistan
    Uzbekistan is a member of the executive council of the WTO.
    Over 4000 historical architectural monuments and sites, around 500 travel companies and organizations with partners in 24 countries worldwide, 5- and 4-star of International chains, private hotels of all categories.
    68 museums, arts and crafts masters, shops, folk dance and music ensembles, silk and cotton fashion designers, certified city guides and private guides through Uzbekistan, culture tourism, eco tourism, specialized tours, nature tourism, and resorts.
    Brief information about tourism in Uzbekistan   >>>

    Transport in Uzbekistan
    Uzbekistan Airways: Airbus fleet to over 20 worldwide destinations international airports:
    Tashkent, Samarkand, Urgench domestic airports: Bukhara, Qarshi, Termez, Navoi, Zarafshan, Nukus, Fergana, and Namangan. Railway 7000 km; Service to most major cities.
    Bus and minibus service; tramways; taxi service; in every city you may hire private drivers of fresh Shevrolet "Nexia" and "Lacetti" sedans.
    Transportation services in Uzbekistan   >>>



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