Water resources of Tajikistan
Kara-Kul or Qarokul is a 25-kilometer (16-mile) diameter lake in the Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan, which lies at an altitude of 3,900 meters (13,000 feet) above mean sea level. A peninsula projecting from the south shore and an island off the north shore divide the lake into two basins, a smaller eastern one which is relatively shallow, between 13 to 19 meters, and a larger western one, with depths of 221 to 230 meters. It has no drainage outlet...
Iskander-Kul is a stunning alpine lake of glacial origin in Sughd Province of northern Tajikistan. Located at an altitude of 2,195 m on the northern slopes of the Gissar Range in the Fann Mountains, it is the highest in the range. Triangular in shape, it has a surface area of 3.4 sq.km and is up to 72 m deep. Widely regarded as one of the most beautiful mountain lakes in all of the former Soviet Union, it is a (relatively) popular tourist attraction, the most visited spot in the Fann Mountains by far. According to tradition, the lake takes its name from Alexander the Great: Iskander is the Central Asian pronunciation of Alexander, and Kul means lake in Tajik...
The Pyanj (panj, panzh) is one of the most important rivers in Central Asia. It is a glacial river, silty and opaque, originating from the glaciers of the Pamir mountain range, and formed by the confluence of the Wakhan and Pamir rivers near the Chinese border. Also, it serves as most of the border between Afghanistan and the republics of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan before joining the Vakhsh River to become the Amu Darya, the greatest Central Asian River...
The Vakhsh River, also known as the Surkhob in north-central Tajikistan and the Kyzyl-Suu in Kyrgyzstan, is a Central Asian river, and one of the main rivers in the nation of Tajikistan. It is a tributary of the Amu Darya River. It is a very important source of water, not only to Tajikistan, but as one of the largest tributaries of the Amu-Darya, supplies huge amounts of water used in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan for agricultural purposes...
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